Print Page | Contact Us | Report Abuse | Sign In | Register
Graphene Updates
Blog Home All Blogs
The latest news and information on all aspects of graphene research, development, application and commercialization.


Search all posts for:   


Top tags: graphene  2D materials  Sensors  Batteries  nanomaterials  University of Manchester  CVD  Graphene Flagship  First Graphene  graphene oxide  coatings  electronics  Healthcare  Li-ion batteries  energy storage  semiconductor  graphene production  Graphite  The Graphene Flagship  Applied Graphene Materials  carbon nanotubes  composites  Haydale  Versarien  Andre Geim  Battery  nanoelectronics  optoelectronics  polymers  3D Printing 

Graphene Flagship Partner Avanzare Named SME of the Year

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Thursday, November 21, 2019

Avanzare Innovación Tecnológica is a manufacturer of nanomaterials and advanced materials, as well as the European leader in graphene. Established in 2004 following the initial isolation of graphene, this research and development centre is at a pivotable point in its timeline, as tangible graphene products are fast becoming industrialised and commercialised across Spain.

"The award illustrates the progress in commercialising graphene through our innovation efforts across the Graphene Flagship," said Kari Hjelt, Graphene Flagship Head of Innovation. "Graphene has the unique capability to enhance multiple product attributes concurrently, which is nicely demonstrated in the different products from Avanzare. This award exemplifies the potential of graphene-based technologies to create value and transform businesses." 

Domingo Mendi, Institutional Manager at Banco Santander and one of the members of the jury, says that "Avanzare's results were impressive, their sales grew by 33% last year, and their workforce keeps expanding, creating a very positive impact in the region. Moreover, their international expansion is unstoppable: Avanzare now has three foreign offices—in China, India and Malaysia—and exports their products to 39 countries."

The jury also valued Avanzare's strong involvement with European projects such as the Graphene Flagship. "Finding key European partners and research collaborators was certainly key to the success of Avanzare, which has managed to bring innovations in graphene and related materials from the lab to the fab," adds Mendi.

In 2018, Avanzare Innovación Tecnológica generated approximately 4.5 million euros in funding, a feat attributed to its staff located across China, India and Malaysia, most of which are university graduates.

"Avanzare receiving the best SME award recognizes that we are a highly competitive company, capable of competing in international markets and generating profits," explained Julio Gomez Corden, Founder and CEO of Avanzare Innovación Tecnológica.


"In 2008 we received the National Entrepreneur Award, which recognized our potential. Eleven years later, we have received this award as a more mature company able to compete in the real market. This recognition for Avanzare demonstrates that graphene and its nanocomposites have tangible benefits in a lucrative market."

Avanzare Innovación Tecnológica is now eligible to win the National SME of the year award, a title which will be selected from the regional winners in Madrid in 2020.

Tags:  Avanzare Innovación Tecnológica  Banco Santander  Domingo Mendi  Graphene  Graphene Flagship  Julio Gomez Corden  Kari Hjelt  nanomaterials 

Share |
PermalinkComments (0)

Indian nano scientists find a glitch in methods used to synthesize graphene

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Wednesday, November 20, 2019

A team of researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Gandhinagar has stumbled upon an unexpected phenomenon that would have significant implications on the existing protocols followed to synthesize graphene and other two dimensional (2D) nanomaterials.

Graphene is the thinnest material that has led to several developments in fundamental and applied science since it was first discovered 15 years ago. This new knowledge has also led to the development of a range of new 2D nanomaterials, which are like graphene but made from other elements.

One of the most popular methods to synthesize graphene is liquid-phase exfoliation, in which the graphite powder is mixed in a suitable liquid medium and exposed to bursts of high-intensity sound energy (ultrasonication). This ultrasonic energy delaminates the layered parent crystals into daughter nanosheets that suspend and swim in the organic solvents to form a stable dispersion of 2D nanomaterials.

In this method, it has always been presumed that the ultrasonic energy bursts would not affect the organic solvent. However, researchers at IIT Gandhinagar came across a surprise. They were extending this method to synthesize dispersions of borophene, a 2D material that is like graphene but made from boron. While conducting the control experiments, doctoral student Saroj Kumar Das made an unexpected observation that the organic solvent itself was transforming into quantum dots − extremely tiny fluorescent nanostructures just 2 nm in diameter.

" This was a surprise finding because scientists till now believed that that the liquid medium or organic solvent remains stable during exposure to sound waves and nothing happens to it. "
Das made this observation when he was shining the dispersion with laser and it exhibited beautiful fluorescent colours, a behaviour that is characteristic to quantum dots. Such a concurrent formation of quantum dots, along with the formation of nanosheets, has not been seen before. So he reported this unexpected result to his advisor Dr. Kabeer Jasuja.

Initially, the team could not accept the outcome, thinking that these quantum dots could have come from possible contamination. However, after conducting several experiments in different setups and verifying their results, the team was able to validate that the organic solvent used during the process itself is transforming into carbon quantum dots.

“This was a surprise finding because scientists till now believed that that the liquid medium or organic solvent remains stable during exposure to sound waves and nothing happens to it. That is the main reason these are used as a dispersing medium for such experiments.

No one has ever suspected that the molecules of organic solvent can transform into carbon quantum dots by the sound energy. This new physical insight would form an important addition to the protocols followed to synthesize nanosheets,” Jasuja said.

To demonstrate the relevance of these results, the research team also revisited protocols that utilize ultrasonication to synthesize other 2D materials. They found that in these protocols, one ends up getting a mixture of carbon quantum dots along with the 2D nanosheets that are originally intended. The findings imply that before drawing inferences about nanosheets formed by such methods, one needs to acknowledge the presence of these quantum dots.

Tags:  2D materials  Graphene  Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar  nanomaterials  quantum dots 

Share |
PermalinkComments (0)

Global Graphene Group, Taiwan Company Sign JDA

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Global Graphene Group (G3) and a major Taiwan-based manufacturer have signed a joint development agreement (JDA) to incorporate graphene-enhanced materials into polyetheretherketone (PEEK)-based products for the semiconductor industry in portions of Asia.

PEEK is a high-performance engineering thermoplastic. The addition of G3’s graphene will improve the thermoplastic’s mechanical, electrical and thermal properties.

As an excellent self-lubrication material, graphene can help lower the friction ratio of PEEK/Graphene devices and reduce its wear rate significantly. It can also improve its anti-corrosion properties against harsh environments by creating a barrier to the polymer matrix.

“G3 is excited to partner with this major Taiwanese company to develop enhancements to their PEEK-based products in the Asian market,” said Dr. Bor Jang, G3 CEO. “Our graphene and graphene-enhanced solutions will be able to greatly improve the performance of semiconductors.”

“This agreement helps strengthen our relationship with this company and will allow G3 to grow our business in the Asia,” said John Davis, G3 COO. G3 expects to begin development work with the Taiwan-based company starting immediately.

Tags:  Bor Jang  Global Graphene Group  Graphene  John Davis  Semiconductor 

Share |
PermalinkComments (0)

New Nanosensor Detects Microscopic Contaminants in Water

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Good things come in small packages. Sadly, so do bad things. That’s where Iowa State University’s (ISU) Department of Mechanical Engineering comes in.

Led by Dr. Jonathan Claussen, ISU researchers have used nanotechnology to develop a sensor that can detect organophosphates at levels 40 times smaller than the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommendations. Organophosphates are certain classes of insecticides used on crops throughout the world to kill insects.

“It is important that we quantify insecticide runoff and drift so that we can characterize its long-term effects and find ways to minimize those effects.”

USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture is supporting this research through a pair of Agriculture and Food Research Initiative grants totaling $573,000.

Claussen used the grants to develop Salt Impregnated Inkjet Maskless Lithography (SIIML), which uses an inkjet printer to create inexpensive graphene circuits with high electrical conductivity. He adds salts to the ink, which is later washed away to leave microsized divots or craters in the surface. This textured printed graphene surface is able to bind with pesticide-sensing enzymes to increase sensitivity during pesticide biosensing.

These sensors can detect contaminants as small as 0.6 nanometers (nM) in length, well below the EPA standard of 24 nM and Canada’s standard of 170 nM.

Claussen compares the graphene sensors to glucose test strips that diabetics use to monitor their blood. Both the glucose test strip and the graphene pesticide test strip monitor selected compounds through electrochemical means.

This technology can be adapted for field use to detect a wide range of samples, including pathogens in food and fertilizer in soil and water. The technology is so inexpensive, Claussen said, that sensors could be used across an entire farm field to monitor pesticides and fertilizers so that farmers could limit their use and apply only what is truly needed.

In addition to improving the environmental ecosystem, Claussen said that SIIML could improve food safety, from farm to fork.

“The sensors could be designed to detect pathogens in food processing facilities to prevent food contamination,” he said. “The sensors could also be used to monitor cattle diseases, for example, before physical symptoms are present. This technique could really be a game changer for a variety of in-field sensing applications that require low-cost but highly sensitive biosensors.”

Tags:  biosensors  Graphene  Iowa State University  Jonathan Claussen  Sensors 

Share |
PermalinkComments (0)

Global Graphene Group Joins EU REACH Consortium

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Monday, November 18, 2019
Updated: Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Global Graphene Group (G3) continues its leadership in the graphene industry by joining the European Union’s Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) graphene consortium. A member of G3’s executive team represented the company in Frankfurt, Germany, at the November 14 REACH consortium meeting.

G3 is one of only three companies actively engaged with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to participate in studies on potential exposure sources and recommendations for improved safety practices when dealing with graphene.

REACH focuses on how chemicals in products are handled, and their potential impact on the environment and human health. It works with companies that manufacture products in or import products to Europe to address chemicals that could have a negative effect.

“Global Graphene Group does business with European customers,” said John Davis, G3 COO. “It is vital to our continued success in the EU region to be REACH certified. Joining the REACH consortium allows G3 to take an active role in how graphene solutions are handled in Europe, and help shape the trajectory of the graphene industry.”

Tags:  Global Graphene Group  Graphene  Healthcare  John Davis  NIOSH 

Share |
PermalinkComments (0)

The Graphene Council partners with SAE International, a global association of nearly 200,000 mobility engineers and technical experts.

Posted By Terrance Barkan, Monday, November 18, 2019
Updated: Friday, November 15, 2019

The Graphene Council, the leading global trade and professional association for producers, users and researchers of graphene, is partnering with SAE International, a global association committed to advancing mobility knowledge and solutions for the benefit of humanity. Graphene is the most important new nanomaterial discovered in the last 15 years,

Graphene is defined as a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a plane with a hexagonal (“chickenwire”) structure with the carbon atoms sharing a sp2-bond. The result is a material with extraordinary properties that includes some of the highest ratings for strength, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity and other valuable properties, ever measured. 

Graphene has been demonstrated to have useful properties in an extremely wide range of applications that includes plastics, composites, coatings, energy storage, sensors, electronics, EMI shielding and others that may have direct relevance for SAE members. 

The partnership allows The Graphene Council to help SAE provide its members and partners with the most current and accurate information about commercially available forms of graphene and how to apply this novel material to solve cutting edge technical challenges. Likewise, SAE helps the members of The Graphene Council to better understand the engineering challenges and requirements impacting the development of the leading transportation systems of tomorrow. The information will be shared at SAE’s AeroTech event on March 17-19, 2020, in Pasadena Calif., and SAE’s WCX World Congress Experience 2020, North America’s largest mobility engineering event, on April 21-23, 2020, in Detroit.  

“This partnership will help accelerate the development of important solutions in some of the most critical sectors of our modern society, aerospace and land based transportation. Graphene has already demonstrated the ability to impart strength and reduce weight in composites, enable extremely small and highly responsive sensors, and has proven the ability to dramatically improve battery technology, just to name a few key areas.” - according to Terrance Barkan CAE, Executive Director of The Graphene Council.

“SAE International strives to provide our members and partners with the latest information, including the ability to identify and understand innovative new materials that enable the development of next level solutions. Our partnership with The Graphene Council provides access and understanding to one of the most disruptive new materials,” said Dave Weil, Director of Events for SAE International. 


About SAE International


SAE International is a global association committed to advancing mobility knowledge and solutions for the benefit of humanity. By engaging nearly 200,000 engineers, technical experts and volunteers, we connect and educate mobility professionals to enable safe, clean, and accessible mobility solutions. We act on two priorities: encouraging a lifetime of learning for mobility engineering professionals and setting the standards for industry engineering. We strive for a better world through the work of our philanthropic SAE Foundation, including programs award-winning programs like A World in Motion® and the Collegiate Design Series™. More at

Tags:  Graphene  SAE International 

Share |
PermalinkComments (0)

Graphene and layered materials boost silicon technologies

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Saturday, November 16, 2019
Updated: Friday, November 8, 2019
Silicon semiconductor technology has done marvels for the advancement of our society, which has benefited tremendously from its versatile use and amazing capabilities. The development of electronics, automation, computers, digital cameras and smartphones based on this material and its underpinning technology has reached skyrocket limits, downscaling the physical size of devices and wires to the nanometre regime. 

Although this technology has been growing since the late 1960s, the miniaturization of circuits seems to have reached a possible halt, since transistors can only be shrunk down to a certain size and not further beyond. Thus, there is a pressing need to complement Si CMOS technology with new materials and fulfil the future computing requirements as well as the needs for diversification of applications.

Graphene and related materials offer prospects of advances in device performance at the atomic limit.  They provide a possible solution to overcome the limitations of silicon technology, where the combination of layered materials with silicon chips promises to surpass the current technological limitations.

A team of researchers including Stijn Goossens and Frank Koppens, based at Graphene Flagship partner ICFO, and industrial leaders from Graphene Flagship partner IMEC and TSMC provided an in-depth and thorough review of opportunities, progress and challenges of integrating atomically thin materials with Si-based technology. They give insights on how and why layered materials could overcome current challenges posed by the existing technology and how they can enhance both device component function and performance, to boost the features of future technologies, in the areas of computational and non-computational applications.

For non-computational applications, they review the possible integration of these materials for future cameras, low power optical data communications and gas and bio-sensors. In particular, in image sensors and photodetectors, graphene and related materials could enable new vision in the infrared and terahertz range in addition to the visible range of the spectrum. These can serve for example in autonomous vehicles, security at airports and augmented reality.

For computational systems, and in particular in the field of transistors, they show how challenges such as doping, contact resistance and dielectrics/encapsulation can be diminished when integrating layered materials with Si technology. Layered materials could also improve memory and data storage devices with novel switching mechanisms for meta-insulator-metal structures, avoid sneak currents in memory arrays, or even push the performance gains of copper wire-based circuitry by adhering graphene to the ultrathin copper barrier materials and thus reduce resistance, scattering and self-heating.

The review provides a roadmap of layered material integration and CMOS technology, pinpointing the stage at which all challenges regarding growth, transfer, interface, doping, contacting, and design are currently standing today and what possible processes are expected to be resolved to achieve such goals of moving from a research laboratory environment to a pilot line for production of the first devices that combine both technologies. The layered materials-CMOS roadmap, as presented in this review, gives an exciting glimpse into the future, with pilot production expected to be just a few years from now.

Frank Koppens, Graphene Flagship Work Package Leader for Photonics and Optoelectronics and lead author of the study, says: "Now we have a clear industry-driven roadmap on layered material-silicon technologies and manufacturing. Complementing the established silicon technology with layered materials is key to combine the best of both worlds and enable a plethora of large volume and low-cost applications."

Marco Romagnoli, Graphene Flagship Work Package Leader for Wafer-Scale System Integration, comments: "This is an interesting paper complementing a previous one focused on graphene photonics for telecommunications that completes the range of applications in which graphene can be exploited for large scale production in CMOS environments. Also interesting is the type of application, in which graphene can best exploit its characteristics, from IR/THz cameras to low-power electronic switching and memories.

Andrea C. Ferrari, Science and Technology Officer of the Graphene Flagship and Chair of its Management Panel, adds: "The integration of graphene and related materials with silicon and CMOS technology is the next goal for the Flagship. For this reason, we will fund the first foundry focussed on the integration of layered materials. This work clearly spells out the vision for the transformative technology that integration will enable."

Tags:  Andrea C. Ferrari  Frank Koppens  Graphene  Graphene Flagship  ICFO  Marco Romagnoli  optoelectronics  photonics  Semiconductor  Stijn Goossens  transistor 

Share |
PermalinkComments (0)

Creating 2D heterostructures for future electronics

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Thursday, November 7, 2019
Updated: Thursday, November 7, 2019
While many nanomaterials exhibit promising electronic properties, scientists and engineers are still working to best integrate these materials together to eventually create semiconductors and circuits with them.

Northwestern Engineering researchers have created two-dimensional (2D) heterostructures from two of these materials, graphene and borophene, taking an important step toward creating intergrated circuits from these nanomaterials.

"If you were to crack open an integrated circuit inside a smartphone, you'd see many different materials integrated together," said Mark Hersam, Walter P. Murphy Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, who led the research. "However, we've reached the limits of many of those traditional materials. By integrating nanomaterials like borophene and graphene together, we are opening up new possibilities in nanoelectronics."

Supported by the Office for Naval Research and the National Science Foundation, the results were published October 11 in the journal Science Advances. In addition to Hersam, applied physics PhD student Xiaolong Liu co-authored this work.

Creating a new kind of heterostructure

Any integrated circuit contains many materials that perform different functions, like conducting electricity or keeping components electrically isolated. But while transistors within circuits have become smaller and smaller -- thanks to advances in materials and manufacturing -- they are close to reaching the limit of how small they can get.

Ultrathin 2D materials like graphene have the potential to bypass that problem, but integrating 2D materials together is difficult. These materials are only one atom thick, so if the two materials' atoms do not line up perfectly, the integration is unlikely to be successful. Unfortunately, most 2D materials do not match up at the atomic scale, presenting challenges for 2D integrated circuits.

Borophene, the 2D version of boron that Hersam and coworkers first synthesized in 2015, is polymorphic, meaning it can take on many different structures and adapt itself to its environment. That makes it an ideal candidate to combine with other 2D materials, like graphene.

To test whether it was possible to integrate the two materials into a single heterostructure, Hersam's lab grew both graphene and borophene on the same substrate. They grew the graphene first, since it grows at a higher temperature, then deposited boron on the same substrate and let it grow in regions where there was no graphene. This process resulted in lateral interfaces where, because of borophene's accommodating nature, the two materials stitched together at the atomic scale.

Measuring electronic transitions

The lab characterized the 2D heterostructure using a scanning tunneling microscope and found that the electronic transition across the interface was exceptionally abrupt -- which means it could be ideal for creating tiny electronic devices.

"These results suggest that we can create ultrahigh density devices down the road," Hersam said. Ultimately, Hersam hopes to achieve increasingly complex 2D structures that lead to novel electronic devices and circuits. He and his team are working on creating additional heterostructures with borophene, combining it with an increasing number of the hundreds of known 2D materials.

"In the last 20 years, new materials have enabled miniaturization and correspondingly improved performance in transistor technology," he said. "Two-dimensional materials have the potential to make the next leap."

Tags:  2D materials  Graphene  Mark Hersam  nanoelectronics  nanomaterials  Northwestern University  Xiaolong Liu 

Share |
PermalinkComments (0)

R&D Tax Credits for Innovation Companies

Posted By Terrance Barkan, Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Many countries around the world offer incentives for innovative companies in the form of R&D Tax Credits. Unfortunately, many of the companies that are entitled to receive these credits either are not aware of the credits, or do not have the resources to claim them properly. 

Leyton is a global firm with expertise in claiming R&D Tax Credits and refunds for their clients. Listen to the recorded webinar explaining how R&D Tax Credits work, and what it takes to qualify. 

This post has not been tagged.

Share |
PermalinkComments (0)

Should Universities Drive Innovation?

Posted By Terrance Barkan, Tuesday, October 29, 2019

In an article published on 24 October 2019 titled: "Graphene Nobelist: don’t ask universities to drive innovation", Sir Konstantin Novoselov sparked a debate over who should be responsible for commercialising research discoveries.

(The article has been reproduced below for reference and is available here). 


When Sir Konstantin Novoselov talks about graphene research and development, it is worth listening. And what he says about the role of universities in the commercialization of graphene (and other innovations) echoes the views of The Graphene Council. 

There is tremendous value created within universities and of course we would not have graphene today were it not for the fundamental research that takes place at institutions like The University of Manchester.

But after trying to work with numerous Technology Transfer Offices (TTO) to help them fulfill their mandate to commercialize the intellectual property (IP) owned by their institutions, the vast majority are ill equipped to succeed. Often there is a very small staff tasked with a broad range of patents for which they may have little understanding concerning which are commercially viable. 

Looking to Universities to commercialize innovations is what could be described as a "technology push" approach; conduct research, create some functional device or material, and then push it out to see if someone will pay for it.

These efforts more often fail than not because there is a vast gap between what is seen as novel or interesting from a research perspective versus what is needed in the commercial sphere where new products must compete with existing solutions, proven processes, established markets, and all on a price that is competitive. 

One of the most notable exceptions to this paradigm is of course the University of Manchester and the ecosystem they have created through what is called "Graphene@Manchester" with the National Graphene Institute (NGI) and the Graphene Engineering and Innovation Centre (GEIC), led by James Baker. They have squarely understood the need to engage industry in a meaningful way. 

We believe that for graphene to become successful as a commercial material, much greater focus must be applied at the end of the value chain, where the end-user (whether a consumer good or an industrial buyer) has a defined need or problem to be solved. 

Graphene is extremely well positioned to solve a very broad range of problems because of its unique properties and because it often imparts multipole benefits that in some cases break traditional tradeoffs. For example, making rubber products more durable AND giving greater traction. Making materials that are stronger AND less brittle. 

The Graphene Council is the only organization that brings together more than 25,000 materials scientists and engineers from both the academic and commercial worlds to bridge the valuable research in universities with real world commercial requirements. And we have the largest community of commercial scale graphene material producers as partners to help engineer graphene materials tuned to specific application requirements. 

Universities will continue to play a pivotal role in the development of graphene based solutions, we just should not expect them to turn them into commercial success on their own.

The better approach in our view is to educate industry sectors about what graphene offers in terms of material performance characteristics and to help them translate that into innovative and competitive products.  


Universities should not be required to drive innovation, a Nobel prizewinning scientist has claimed, adding that governments look to higher education for technology transfer out of “desperation”.

Sir Konstantin Novoselov, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2010 for his work on graphene, said that “all governments realise that innovation is the way to progress”, but that states were looking to the wrong actors to carry out this work.

“They look to their ministries…they cross out all those who are not relevant, and they are stuck with the ministry of education. So they say, ‘let our universities do the innovation’. Unfortunately our universities are fundamentally incapable of doing this, at least in their modern form,” he said.

Sir Konstantin, professor at the Centre for Advanced 2D Materials at the National University of Singapore and Langworthy professor of physics and Royal Society research professor at the University of Manchester, said that there were “many issues” but one key reason was a lack of funding.

“If you want to be successful on the patent landscape in any area – material science, computer engineering, anything – you need a package of maybe 10, 20, 100 patents. You cannot even think about financing this from the university,” he said.

In an interview with Times Higher Education, the Russian-British scientist added that research applications still tended to be developed by industry, rather than universities, but this should not be seen as a failure of the higher education sector.

“I don’t think universities need to adapt because it’s not what they should be doing. Universities are there to educate and produce research. We cannot charge universities also with business development,” he said.

“Governments do this but this is out of desperation because they don’t have anyone else to do this.”

Instead, nations should “support small- and medium-sized enterprises to push them to do more research in collaboration with the universities”, Sir Konstantin said.

“You cannot make universities responsible for innovation in countries. That’s absolutely wrong,” he continued.

The UK government’s industrial strategy, announced in 2017, includes initiatives and funding to encourage universities to enhance knowledge transfer and work with industry. Meanwhile, England’s forthcoming knowledge exchange framework will evaluate universities’ performance in areas such as commercialisation and industry collaboration and could determine the distribution of institutional funding in the future.

Vincenzo Palermo, research professor at Sweden’s Chalmers University of Technology and vice-director of the Graphene Flagship, a European Union research project aimed at taking graphene from laboratories into the market, said that “universities nowadays make great efforts to translate their scientific results into practical applications, and they often find success”.

But he said that “the development of a mature technology usually requires more than 20 years and massive resources to transition from the laboratories to industry”.

Sir Konstantin relocated from the UK to Singapore earlier this year to focus on research on intelligent materials. But he suggested that Brexit was also a factor.

“It’s a big world out there so I think we need to be more exposed and more connected. Brexit doesn’t help at all, unfortunately,” he said. “I think [Brexit] will have quite a serious impact and not only because of funding, also in terms of attracting talent to this country.”

However, he rejected the commonly held view that while the UK had invented graphene, it was behind in the race to profit from its many applications.

“I don’t think we have failed. Not at all. I think if anything we’re punching above our weight on this,” he said.

“In the UK we are doing quite well in terms of the number of start-ups and small companies working with graphene…Some of our start-ups from the University of Manchester now have production across the globe.”

Maria Iliut, founder and chief executive of Grafine, a spinout from Manchester, agreed that “universities shouldn’t be converted into the development arm of companies” but said universities were best placed to do applied research, which can “overlap with what some people might call development”.

She said that the UK has “done quite well” in taking graphene research towards commercialisation, adding that “the only graphene consumer product that is available worldwide, the inov-8 graphene-enhanced shoes, were developed by me and my colleagues in the UK”.

But she said that “other countries will very easily catch up and surpass us if we don’t continue to fund both fundamental research and provide strong support for translation of research into the commercial realm”.

Dame Nancy Rothwell, Manchester’s president, said that while universities “are indeed focussed on research and education…there are many examples of successful innovation including at the University of Manchester”.

“There will always be a need for collaboration between industry and academia. In fact we are working closely with [Sir Konstantin] and business leaders to develop an exciting new model to realise the potential commercial opportunities for Graphene and other two dimensional materials,” Dame Nancy said.

This post has not been tagged.

Share |
PermalinkComments (0)
Page 4 of 28
1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  >   >>   >|