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Tetra Pak explores Graphene material for the food and beverage manufacturing industry

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Friday, October 18, 2019
Tetra Pak has joined the European Commission Graphene Flagship project as the exclusive representative from the packaging industry to explore possible future applications of graphene in food and beverage (F&B) manufacturing. 

Graphene is a carbon-based material, one of the thinnest known to mankind, one atom thick, while also being incredibly strong: around 200 times stronger than steel. It is an excellent conductor of heat, electricity and has a wide range of light absorption abilities. Graphene material could bring breakthrough innovations with unlimited potential for integration in almost any industry.

Prof Konstantin Novoselov, Physicist and Nobel Prize Winner said: ‘Graphene has the potential to revolutionise a range of processes and industries. Since Graphene’s first isolation in 2004, we have seen tremendous success and marketplace application of the material within electronics and automotive industries, I’m looking forward to the next phase of the Graphene Flagship and exploring potential innovations in the packaging industry.’

Sara De Simoni, VP, Equipment Engineering, Tetra Pak said: ‘Tetra Pak’s involvement with the European Graphene Flagship is one example of our ambition to drive innovation to the next level. It is a privilege to be the only representative from our industry in this research initiative and puts us at the cutting edge to address challenges through multidisciplinary research and development together with our industry partners.’

Tetra Pak is leading R&D in the packaging sector, exploring the potential graphene holds to unlock a range of new and revolutionary innovations for the F&B industry, including: 

Packaging material innovation – is being examined to see how graphene could offer coatings to reduce carbon footprint in packaging supply chain, graphene can also enhance the performance of current packaging materials, enable new functionality as well as increase recyclability.

Smart Packaging – with the development of smart packaging, graphene’s ultra-thin flexible sensors can be integrated to packages as data carriers for producers, retailers and consumers. Graphene sensors can also be smaller, lighter and less expensive than traditional sensors.

Next generation of equipment – exploring how graphene composites can be used to make equipment lighter and more energy efficient has the potential to reduce costs and energy consumption.  With only modifications needed to equipment over additional purchases, both time and money are saved.

Tags:  Graphene  Konstantin Novoselov  Sara De Simoni  Sensors  Tetra Pak  The Graphene Flagship 

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Graphene and 2D Materials on Track to Innovative Applications

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Wednesday, April 10, 2019
Updated: Wednesday, April 10, 2019

The CORDIS Results Pack showcases 12 articles on 6 ambitious cutting-edge EU research projects funded under the EU’s FP7 and Horizon 2020 research programmes relevant to graphene and 2D materials. Of these, seven articles cover different aspects of the Graphene Flagship. 


The Graphene Flagship is the EU’s biggest research initiative and has a budget of EUR 1 billion, representing a new form of joint, coordinated research initiative on an unprecedented scale. Through a combined academic-industrial consortium, the research effort covers the entire value chain, from materials production to components and system integration, aiming to exploit the unique properties of graphene. 

An introduction to graphene outlines work conducted by the Flagship including collaboration with the European Space Agency over the use of graphene in space applications such as light propulsion and thermal management. Researchers also used optoelectronic communication systems to provide fast data for the future. The large-scale production of graphene for commercial market applications involved scaling up manufacturing to industrial scale whilst maintaining consistency high quality and cost efficiency.

Scientists investigated chemical processing and functional applications of graphene and graphene-related materials for engineering new molecular structures with unique properties. Graphene spintronics utilised both electron charge and spin at room temperature to create new possibilities for information processing and storage. Finally the Flagship has investigated the use of graphene for biomedical applications to develop innovative medical devices and sensors for detecting treating and managing nervous system diseases. 

European graphene research doesn’t all fall under the remit of the Flagship and researchers are using other EU funding mechanisms to undertake other projects. GRAPHEALTH produced the next generation of wearable sensors while GRASP applied interactions between graphene and light to quantum computing and biomedicine. GraTA developed tunneling accelerometers for use in machine vibration monitoring. HIGRAPHEN created dense polymer composites for use in optoelectronics and energy storage. PolyGraph (working closely with the Graphene Flagship) studied graphene-reinforced polymers for use in the aeronautics and automobiles sectors.

Tags:  2D materials  Cordis  Graphene  Medical  The Graphene Flagship 

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Biodegradable Graphene

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Wednesday, March 27, 2019
Degradation of pristine graphene occurs in the human body when interacting with a naturally occurring enzyme found in the lung, announced Graphene Flagship partners; the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), University of Strasbourg, Karolinska Institute and University of Castilla–La Mancha (UCLM).

Graphene based products are being designed to be interfaced with the human body within the Graphene Flagship, including flexible biomedical electronic devices.  If graphene is to be used for such biomedical applications, it should be biodegradable and thus be expelled from the body.

To test how graphene behaves within the body, Alberto Bianco and his team at Graphene Flagship partner CNRS, conducted several tests looking at if and how graphene was broken down with the addition of a common human enzyme. The enzyme in question, myeloperoxidase (MPO), is a peroxide enzyme released by neutrophils, cells that are responsible for the elimination of any foreign bodies or bacteria that enter the body, found in the lungs. If a foreign body or bacteria is detected inside of the body, neutrophils surround it and secrete MPO, thereby destroying the threat. Previous work by Graphene Flagship partners found MPO to successfully biodegrade graphene oxide [Small, 20151; Nanoscale, 20182]. However the structure of non-functionalized graphene was thought to be more degradation resistant.  To test this, Bianco and his team looked at the effects of MPO, ex vivo, on two graphene forms; single- and few-layer.

Bianco explains, "We used two forms of graphene, single- and few-layer, prepared by two different methods in water. They were then taken and put in contact with myeloperoxidase in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. This peroxidase was able to degrade and oxidise them. This was not really expected because we thought that non functionalized graphene was more resistant than graphene oxide."

Rajendra Kurapati, first author on the study, from Graphene Flagship partner CNRS, said, "The results emphasize that highly dispersible graphene could be degraded in the body by the action of neutrophils. This would open the new avenue for developing graphene-based materials."

With successful ex-vivo testing, in-vivo testing is the next stage. Bengt Fadeel, Professor at Graphene Flagship partner Karolinska Institute, "Understanding whether graphene is biodegradable or not is important for biomedical and other applications of this material. The fact that cells of the immune system are capable of handling graphene is very promising."

Prof. Maurizio Prato, leader of Work Package 4, dealing with Health and Environment impact studies,  based at Graphene Flagship Partner University of Trieste, said, "The enzymatic degradation of graphene is a very important topic, because in principle, graphene dispersed in the atmosphere could produce some harm. Instead, if there are microorganisms able to degrade graphene and related materials, the persistence of these materials in our environment will be strongly decreased. These types of studies are needed. What is also needed is to investigate the nature of degradation products. Once graphene is digested by enzymes, it could produce harmful derivatives. We need to know the structure of these derivatives and study their impact on health and environment."

Prof. Andrea C. Ferrari, Science and Technology Officer of the Graphene Flagship, and chair of its management panel added "The report of a successful avenue for graphene biodegradation is a very important step forward to ensure the safe use of this material in applications. The Graphene Flagship has put the investigation of the health and environment effects of graphene at the centre of its programme since the start. These results strengthen our innovation and technology roadmap"

Tags:  Alberto Bianco  Andrea C. Ferrari  French National Centre for Scientific Research  Graphene  Karolinska Institute  Maurizio Prato  Medical  Rajendra Kurapati  The Graphene Flagship  University of Castilla–La Mancha  University of Strasbourg 

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Andrey Turchanin Elected Partnering Division Leader

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Monday, March 25, 2019
Updated: Thursday, March 21, 2019
Andrey Turchanin from Friedrich Schiller University Jena (Germany) and Yuri Svirko from University of Eastern Finland have been appointed by the Graphene Flagship Executive Board as the new leader and deputy, respectively, of the Graphene Flagship Partnering Division. The vote took place in November and, altogether, 39 Associated Members' representatives voted (43.6%). Andrey Turchanin received 21 votes (53.85%) and Yuri Svirko received 18 votes (46.15%). 

The primary responsibilities of the Graphene Flagship Partnering Division are to improve cooperation through the identification of opportunities for various types of synergies between Core partners, Partnering Projects (PPs) and Associated Members (AMs), and to provide recommendations on the partnering mechanism to the Graphene Flagship management and other relevant stakeholders based on the feedback and direct interactions with the Partnering Division members. They will gather feedback from Partnering Division members on a regular basis on their needs and challenges in engaging in collaborations with the Graphene Flagship. 

Andrey Turchanin is Head of the Laboratory of Applied Physical Chemistry & Molecular Nanotechnology at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena. With broad and long-term experience of more than ten years in graphene and related 2D materials for academic research and industrial applications, he was coordinator of the project "Graphene Nanomembranes from Molecular Monolayers" at the Graphene Flagship Open Call from 2014 to 2016. He was also a member of Work Package Enabling Materials and Work Package Flexible Electronics in the Graphene Flagship Core 1 Project from 2016 to 2018. In the FLAG-ERA Joint Transnational Call 2017, he is coordinator of the H2O ("Heterostructures of 2D Materials and Organic Semiconductor Nanolayers") Partnering Project. 

"The Partnering Projects, with their complementary expertise, bring great added value to the Graphene Flagship´s scientific community enabling new possibilities both in research and in industrial implementation of graphene and related 2D materials," says Turchanin 

Yuri Svirko is a physics prrofessor at the Department of Physics and Mathematics at the University of Eastern Finland (UEF). He was the principal investigator on the UEF team, which was involved in the Graphene Flagship ramp up phase and Core 1, therefore he has experience working both as a partner and as an Associate Member of the Flagship. He is an internationally recognized expert in the field of graphene science, with wide experience in EU and national projects focused on the fabrication of micro and nanoscale optical components, among others. Yuri Svirko is also the principal investigator of the CoExAN Partnering Project "Collective Excitations in Advanced Nanostructures".

The Support of the SCOPE Project to the GF Partnering Division

The SCOPE project, funded by the European Commission, provides support to institutions and researchers involved in Graphene Flagship Partnering Projects (PPs) and Associated Members (AMs) by granting several types of grants to help them integrate with the Graphene Flagship Core projects. Communication of research results is also offered via news articles and dissemination in social media. 

The Graphene Flagship Partnering Division is also supported by the SCOPE travel grants that make the attendance of their members to the governance meetings of the Graphene Flagship posible. Andrey Turchanin is also a member of the SCOPE  Advisory Committee.  

Tags:  2D materials  Andrey Turchanin  Friedrich Schiller University Jena  Graphene  The Graphene Flagship  University of Eastern Finland  Yuri Svirko 

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Graphene Nanomaterials Unlocking New Possibilities

Posted By Terrance Barkan, Friday, March 8, 2019

Since the isolation of graphene in 2004 ( a single plane of sp2 carbon bonded atoms in a hexagonal honeycomb lattice), there has been a significant amount of research and application development work in academic and industrial organizations world-wide. 

Today, graphene is being produced and used in commercial quantities in a wide range of application areas, from  energy storage to construction materials. In fact, more than 40 discreet industries and applications are set to be disrupted by the extraordinary properties of a range of graphene materials.

Although the original definition of graphene is carbon as a single layer of atoms, commercial forms of graphene include; CVD Monolayer, Graphene Nano-platelets (GNPs), Graphene Oxide and various forms of functionalized graphene depending on the the intended application.

 

There are more than 200 companies world-wide that claim to produce graphene materials with new companies entering the sector every day.

The Graphene Council was founded in 2013 to represent the graphene community, including researchers, producers, application developers and end users. Today our community includes more than 20,000 material scientists and R&D professionals world-wide. 

We are actively working to support and advance the commercial adoption of graphene though the development of standards as members of the ISO/ANSI/IEC standards working groups as well as our quality control initiative,  the Verified Graphene Producers program which includes in-person inspections and testing of material at leading laboratories, like the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in the UK,

The Graphene Council is also a founding Affiliate Member of the Graphene Engineering and Innovation Center (GEIC) at the University of Manchester. The GEIC allows for the rapid prototyping and testing of graphene enhanced products through the use of onsite industrial grade equipment and material characterization tools. 

If you are interested in learning how graphene can unlock new performance gains for your products or if you have new application ideas, contact us. 

Our global team of experts can help you identify the right partners and materials for your objectives. Contact us for more information. 

 

Graphene was first isolated at the 

University of Manchester in 2004 by 

Dr. Andre Geim and Dr. Konstantin Novoselov 

for which they received the 

Nobel Prize in Physics in 2010.

 

Tags:  Andre Geim  graphene  Konstantin Novoselov  Nobel  the graphene council  The Graphene Flagship 

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The European FET Flagship Fleet Showcase at Mobile World Congress 2019 in Barcelona

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Tuesday, February 26, 2019
In 2016, the Mobile World Congress' Graphene Flagship opened a window for the 100.000+ visitors to learn and interact with the most disruptive graphene-based technologies developed in Europe. Now in its 4th edition, the Graphene Pavilion demonstrates how graphene enables a whole new connectivity approach thanks to its unique properties, from the single connected device to a mesh network of embedded processors, sensors and communication hardware that conform the Internet of Things ecosystem. In addition, visitors can virtually walk through the production process of the material itself, providing evidence about how these materials are being produced at large scale, and at low cost.

In this edition, MWC19 intends on boosting the disruptive technologies available in the NexTech Hall. Coming into the game as a new player, the recently launched Quantum Flagship makes its official presentation at MWC19, bringing to the audience a grasp of quantum technologies that aim to radically improve the telecommunications arena. In this singular space, the Quantum Flagship will tell visitors about the trends in quantum communications, including a prototype of a quantum random number generator chip provided by the company Quside, a partner of the flagship.

With a life span of 10 years and a budget of at least EUR 1 billion each, FET Flagships are the among the most ambitious research projects funded by the European Commission. The Graphene and Quantum flagships have the common goal of taking and transferring the discoveries and research from the lab to the market into commercial applications that will help create the next generation of disruptive technologies, searching to position Europe as a worldwide knowledge-based industrial and technological leader in both innovative fields.

"The Graphene Pavilion is a great opportunity for us to display the latest results of graphene-based technologies to a broad range of decision makers and to meet with industry on their own turf" comments Prof. Jari Kinaret, director of the Graphene Flagship. "Events like the Mobile World Congress are of increasing importance to the Graphene Flagship as we move to higher technology readiness levels and get closer to the market."

Prof. Tommaso Calarco, from the Institute for Quantum Control of Forschungszentrum Jülich and coordinator of the Quantum Coordination and Support Action in charge of successfully launching the Quantum Flagship mentions, "We are really excited for this opportunity to be present at MWC19 - an opportunity for us to reach out to a very broad audience. Quantum technologies are receiving increasing attention worldwide, both from big companies and from the general public, and we are going to do our best to make this emerging field as accessible and understandable for everyone as we can."

Tags:  Graphene  Institute for Quantum Control of Forschungszentrum  Jari Kinaret  The Graphene Flagship  Tommaso Calarco 

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Women in Graphene Career Development Day

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Monday, February 4, 2019
Updated: Monday, February 4, 2019

The "Women In Graphene" initiative within the Graphene Flagship has been set up to help support women and create a more gender diverse scientific community. It aims to connect women working in graphene through biannual meetings and peer to peer support.



Many industries are faced with problems when it comes to gender equality. For example, 99% of female chemists experience a lack of progression in their sector, according to evidence given by the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC).

The Graphene Flagship, one of our Future & Emerging Technologies (FET) Flagships will host a two day programme – the Women in Graphene Career Development Day – with seminars and workshops aiming to encourage diversity within this field’s community.

This will take place at the National Graphene Institute at the University of Manchester, UK between 11 and 12 February 2019 to coincide with the International Day of Women and Girls in STEM (science, technology, engineering and maths) with the objective of establishing a peer-to-peer support network and reoccurring bi-annual meetings.

NOTICE: THIS EVENT IS NOW FULLY BOOKED!


Tags:  Graphene  The Graphene Flagship 

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Graphene and related materials safety: human health and the environment

Posted By Graphene Council, The Graphene Council, Monday, January 28, 2019
Updated: Friday, January 25, 2019

As the drive to commercialise graphene continues, it is important that all safety aspects are thoroughly researched and understood. The Graphene Flagship project has a dedicated Work Package studying the impact of graphene and related materials on our health, as well as their environmental impact. This enables safety by design to become a core part of innovation.



Researches and companies are currently using a range of materials such as few layered graphene, graphene oxide and heterostructures. The first step to assess the toxicology is to fully characterise these materials. This work overviews the production and characterisation methods, and considers different materials, which biological effects depend on their inherent properties.

"One of the key messages is that this family of materials has varying properties, thus displaying varying biological effects. It is important to emphasize the need not only for a systematic analysis of well-characterized graphene-based materials, but also the importance of using standardised in vitro or in vivo assays for the safety assessment," says Bengt Fadeel, lead author of this paper working at Graphene Flagship partner Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.

"This review correlates the physicochemical characteristics of graphene and related materials to the biological effects. A classification based on lateral dimensions, number of layers and carbon-to-oxygen ratio allows us to describe the parameters that can alter graphene's toxicology. This can orient future development and use of these materials," explains Alberto Bianco, from Graphene Flagship partner CNRS, France and deputy leader of the Graphene Flagship Work Package on Health and Environment.

The paper gives a comprehensive overview of all aspects of graphene health and environmental impact, focussing on the potential interactions of graphene-based materials with key target organs including immune system, skin, lungs, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system, central nervous system, reproductive system, as well as a wide range of other organisms including bacteria, algae, plants, invertebrates, and vertebrates in various ecosystems.

"One cannot draw conclusions from previous work on other carbon-based materials such as carbon nanotubes and extrapolate to graphene. Graphene-based materials are less cytotoxic when compared to carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide is readily degradable by cells of the immune system," comments Fadeel.

Andrea C. Ferrari, Science and Technology Officer of the Graphene Flagship and Chair of its Management Panel added that "understanding any potential Health and Environmental impacts of graphene and related materials has been at the core of all Graphene Flagship activities since day one. This review provides a solid guide for the safe use of these materials, a key step towards their widespread utilization as targeted by our innovation and technology roadmap."

Tags:  Graphene  graphene oxide  Healthcare  The Graphene Flagship 

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Graphene Flagship Achieving Real Results!

Posted By Terrance Barkan, Sunday, October 8, 2017

The Graphene Flagship is the EU's largest ever research initiative with more than 150 partners in over 20 European countries.

Since early 2017, 15 new partners have been accepted and the number of Associated Members and Partnering Projects continues to grow, adding value to the joint graphene and related materials research effort.

According to European Commission's interim review report of the project's first year following the two-and-half-year ramp-up phase, the Graphene Flagship has achieved most of its objectives and milestones and has delivered exceptional results with significant immediate or potential impact.

The Graphene Flagship consortia has produced over 600 scientific publications, 37 patent applications, 17 products on the market and six spin-off companies during this 12-month period.

The Graphene Flagship is further commended for focusing its work towards a more industrially oriented initiative with a higher Technology Readiness Level.

"We are glad to have received such a positive evaluation feedback from the European Commission as it is an important acknowledgement that we are progressing in the right direction towards our overall goal, which is taking graphene and related materials from academic laboratories to the factory floor," says Jari Kinaret, Director of the Graphene Flagship.

Significant results close to commercial exploitation mentioned in the report include the Airbus winglet made of graphene composites, a motorcycle helmet with a graphene coating, a new viscoelastic graphene-polymer sensor material, perovskite photovoltaic cells with improved stability and a demonstration of tuneable ion sieving using GO membrane for water desalination.

Graphene enhanced helmet by Italian Graphene Flagship partner IIT and MomoDesign on display at Composites Europe in Düsseldorf - Courtesy of Graphene Flagship

These achievements are all the more impressive when considering how long it has traditionally taken a new material to break through to commercial application. 

As stated in this recent blog, Thomas Skordas, the EU Director "Digital Excellence and Science Infrastructure" at the Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology (DG CONNECT) said;

"Firstly, it takes time to do research and generate good results. Usually up to 20 years is needed for a new material to find its way to market. Thanks to its long lasting collaboration between academia and industry, Graphene Flagship proves that this process can be substantially accelerated, contributing to shortening drastically the cycle from research to innovation.  The results start showing that this is a valuable research and innovation model."

We couldn't agree more. 

The mission of The Graphene Council is to support the commercial adoption of graphene, world-wide.

We congratulate the Graphene Flagship and its many partners on the progress they are making and wherever possible, we will continue to support and compliment those efforts. 

***

For more information, download a summary of the Graphene Flagship Review Report

Tags:  Commer  EU  European Union  Graphene Helmet  Jari Kinaret  The Graphene Flagship  Thomas Skodas 

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Graphene and CMOS Become One, Offering New Hope in Electronics

Posted By Dexter Johnson, IEEE Spectrum, Friday, June 9, 2017

 

 

Complimentary metal-oxide semiconductors (CMOS) have served as the backbone of the electronics industry for over four decades.  However, the last decade has been marked by increasing concerns that CMOS will not be able to continue to meet the demands of Moore’s Law in which the number of transistors in a dense integrated circuit doubles approximately every two years. If CMOS is going to continue to be a force in electronics, it will become necessary to integrate CMOS with other semiconductor materials other than silicon.

It appears that research out of The Institute of Photonic Sciences in Barcelona (ICFO) and supported by The Graphene Flagship has found a way to integrate graphene into a CMOS integrated circuit

In research described in the journal Nature Photonics, the ICFO researchers combined the graphene-CMOS device with quantum dots to create an array of photodetectors.

While the photodetector arrays could enable digital cameras capable of seeing UV, visible and infrared light simultaneously, the technology could have a wide range of applications, including microelectronics to low-power photonics.

“The development of this monolithic CMOS-based image sensor represents a milestone for low-cost, high-resolution broadband and hyperspectral imaging systems" said, Frank Koppens, a professor at ICFO in a press release.

Koppens, who The Graphene Council interviewed back in 2015believes that "in general, graphene-CMOS technology will enable a vast amount of applications, that range from safety, security, low cost pocket and smartphone cameras, fire control systems, passive night vision and night surveillance cameras, automotive sensor systems, medical imaging applications, food and pharmaceutical inspection to environmental monitoring, to name a few."

The researchers were able to integrate the graphene and quantum dots into a CMOS chip by first depositing the graphene on the CMOS chip. Then this graphene layer is patterned to define the pixel shape. Finally a layer of quantum dots is added.

“No complex material processing or growth processes were required to achieve this graphene-quantum dot CMOS image sensor,” said Stijn Goossens, another researcher from ICFO in Barcelona. “It proved easy and cheap to fabricate at room temperature and under ambient conditions, which signifies a considerable decrease in production costs. Even more, because of its properties, it can be easily integrated on flexible substrates as well as CMOS-type integrated circuits."

The graphene-enabled CMOS chip achieves its photoresponse through something called the photogating effect, which starts as the quantum dot layer absorbs light and transfers it as photo-generated holes or electrons to the graphene. These holes or electrons move through the material because of a bias voltage applied between two pixel contacts. The photo signal triggers a change in the conductivity of the graphene and it is this change that is sensed. Because graphene has such high conductivity, a small change can be quickly detected giving the device extraordinary sensitivity.

Andrea Ferrari, science and Technology offficer of the Graphene Flagship added: "The integration of graphene with CMOS technology is a cornerstone for the future implementation of graphene in consumer electronics. This work is a key first step, clearly demonstrating the feasibility of this approach.”

Tags:  CMOS  digital cameras  graphene  low-power photonics  quantum dots  The Graphene Flagship 

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