Graphene, Graphene Materials, Definition of Graphene
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What is "Graphene"?
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Graphene, a material with almost limitless potential

By now, you have most likely heard of the extraordinary properties of 'GRAPHENE'. 

  • It is the thinnest material known to man, so thin that it is considered to be 2 dimensional. 
  • It is the strongest material ever measured, 100-300 times stronger than steel.
  • It is the best conductor of electricity, approaching the performance of a superconducting material at room temperature. 
  • It is nearly transparent (when in a perfect single layer of carbon atoms).
  • It is the best conductor of heat, even better than diamond which of course is also a carbon material.

What is equally impressive is the ability to combine graphene with other elements and molecules to create new hybrid materials that benefit from graphene's extreme properties. 

Official Definitions

According to the standards organizations ANSI and ISO, graphene refers to a single plane of sp2 carbon bonded atoms in a hexagonal honeycomb lattice. In addition, the term "graphene" can be applied to material that is up to, and including, 10 layers of carbon.

ISO has also recently published a set of terms and definitions for graphene and related two-dimensional (2D) materials that includes related terms that apply to production methods, properties and their characterization.

This document was developed to help facilitate communication between key stakeholders in graphene, including organizations and individuals involved in research, production, development, the regulatory community and other interested parties. 


How can graphene be used today?

What makes graphene such an amazing material is not just its extraordinary properties, but is the vast array of potential application areas (some of which are highlighted below).

Nearly every day, we hear of new application areas and advances. 


Partial list of application areas for graphene:

 Additive Manufacture  Aerospace  Automotive 
 Barrier Properties
 Coatings  Composites 
 Concrete and Cement Conductive Ink  Corrosion Resistance
 Electrochemical  Electronics  Energy Generation
 Energy Storage   Hall Effect Sensors  Lubricants
 Magnets  Medical Applications  NEMS 
 Optical Modulators  Optoelectronics  Photodetectors
 Piezoelectric Devices  Plasmonics  Plastics
 Polymers  Pressure Sensors  Quantum Dots
 Rubber and Synthetics  Semiconductors  Sensors
 Sound Transducers  Spintronics  Structural Materials
 Thermal Management  Touch Screens  Transistors
 Transparent Electrodes  Water Filtration  Waterproof Coatings

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